首頁 / 雜誌 / 產業與管理論壇 / 201706 (19:2期) / 中國大陸產業轉移政策與內陸台商的企業轉型
中文篇名

中國大陸產業轉移政策與內陸台商的企業轉型 免費試閱

英文篇名

China’s Policies of Industrial Relocation and Business Transformation of Taiwanese Firms in Inland Provinces

作者

郭永興李孔智

中文摘要

近年來由於中國大陸沿海地區的勞動、土地等生產成本高漲,在成本壓力下,台商不得不轉移生產據點到生產成本較低的內陸地區。本研究根據2011年夏天在湖南省郴州市、2015年夏天在湖南省湘南三市(衡陽、永州、郴州)所進行的田野調查,以及各種二手資料,分析中國大陸政府的產業轉移政策、搬遷到內陸地區台商的經營模式、台商沿海與內陸生產據點的分工與互動,以及內陸台商的轉型。
本研究發現,近年內陸地區也發生招工難的問題,並且如同2014 年62 號文風波所示,內陸地方政府給予遷移廠商的紅利,隨時有可能被中央政府取消的風險存在,因此,並非廠商遷移到內陸就可以輕易解決沿海生產成本上升的經營困境。然而,筆者也發現,許多台商企業在瞭解內陸工廠的發展侷限後,採取自動化、分散生產據點、提供重視員工家庭生活的福利措施等轉型策略,某種程度化解了招工難的困境,讓湖南省境內工廠成為企業集團在中國大陸發展的重要據點之一。

英文摘要

Due to the rising production costs, many Taiwanese firms have relocated their factories into inland provinces in recent years. In this paper, authors analyze: 1. Chinese government’s policies on industrial relocation; 2. the business models of Taiwanese firms in inland region; 3. the cooperation between Taiwanese factories in coastal region and those in inland region; 4. the business transformation of Taiwanese firms in inland region, by authors’ fieldworks in Chenzhou in 2011 and Chenzhou, Hengyang and Yongzhou in 2015.
This paper argues that it is becoming more and more difficult to recruit labor in inland region in recent years and the central government could de facto cancelmost benefit offered by local governments, as the dispute of Document No. 62 in 2014. Therefore, relocating factories into inland provinces could not be an easy way to save the problem of the rising costs in the coastal region. However, the authors also demonstrate that by the successful business transformation, such as automation, separating factories and providing pro-family benefit to workers, to some extent could save the difficulty in recruiting workers and make Taiwanese factories in Hunan operate prosperously.

關鍵詞

中國大陸台商產業轉移湖南省ChinaTaiwanese firmsindustrial relocationHunan province

刊名

產業與管理論壇

期數

201706 (19:2期)

起訖頁

026-055

出版單位

工業技術研究院產業科技國際策略發展所

DOI

10.3966/199582342017061902002  複製DOI   DOI查詢

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