首頁 / 雜誌 / 社會分析 / 201302 (6期) / 「陰柔專業性」的可能與弔詭:日本女性室內設計專業的歷史制度形成
  • 出版單位:東吳大學社會系;輔仁大學社會系;世新大學社會心理學系
中文篇名

「陰柔專業性」的可能與弔詭:日本女性室內設計專業的歷史制度形成 免費試閱

英文篇名

Is "Feminine Professionality" Possible? Examining the Formation of a Japanese Interior Design Profession

作者

鄭陸霖

中文摘要

原屬藝術範疇的「設計」在上世紀始終與工業秩序接軌苦鬥,卻在全球經濟的後工業轉向中被促擁成熱門的知識/實踐,室內設計尤其最能突顯出隨之而來的當代專業化課題。學術研究傳統上預設「專業」公共、科學、理性的陽剛形象,對比出室內(interior)私密、主觀、情感等與「家戶」關聯的陰柔(feminine)印象;不只如此,「以學院知識權威支持市場壟斷」的分析模型甚至因果倒置地排除「設計」專業研究的「正當性」,錯過專業研究可為(表徵後工業經濟核心課題的)設計專業化提供即時洞見的機會。本研究先拆解開專業研究內向的固有框架,繼而從文獻抽離出更具分析彈性的「專業形成」概念架構,以奧援「陰柔專業性」的制度研究,並選擇了日本室內設計專業的個案為分析對象,以掌握職種層次的制度動態。

英文摘要

This article studies a Japanese professional job called "interior coordinator" which does what interior designers have been doing but bears the name of the certificate examination since 1983. In a professional domain that usually dominated by male architecture and in a country where women's occupational careers are systematically hindered, IC has surpassed the original intention of the developmental state and its business alliance when they jointed hands to launch the institute and, over the years, developed into a highly gendered profession, winning increasing trust and respects from society. The author adopts an institutional-historic approach to disentangle the dynamic social processes behind the professional formation of IC, analyzing its three dimensions of certificate, career, and discourse respectively and chronically from its pre-formation stage to its current state. The article proposes an analytic framework of "professional formation," which allows us to examine empirically the ambiguous positivity of the "feminine professionality" intrinsic to many new professionalisms like design.

關鍵詞

日本制度性別國家專業Japaninstitutiongenderstateprofessionalism

刊名

社會分析

期數

201302 (6期)

起訖頁

1-73

出版單位

東吳大學社會系;輔仁大學社會系;世新大學社會心理學系

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