A Review and Prospect of the Post- Martial-Law Women’s Movement in Taiwan
This paper reviews the development and progress of women’s movement in Taiwan after the lifting of the Martial Law in 1987, and points out two critical trends. The first trend is the diversification and fragmentation of gender movement agendas. There is arguably no more unified stance regarding sexual autonomy issues among women’s movement groups. The second is the changing relationship between women’s activism and the State, namely from confrontation to participation and collaboration. A particular milestone is the establishment of women’s policy machineries in the central as well as local governments. It grants women’s activists the opportunity and position to speak within the State, but also incurs the risk that the position is dominated by a few advantaged groups. The two changes combined reveal the challenge of difference politics for the future women’s movements, particularly for those who have gained access to decision-making positions. In the concluding remark, therefore, the author draws on the concept of agonistic democracy to address the challenge.