Nonprofit Organization & Public Administration: An Analysis on Japan's Methods of Administration Support
Thanks to people's increasingly diversified demands in recent years, the public services offered by government can hardly meet people's needs. Therefore, how to make good use of the special qualities of nonprofit organization to help or make up department agencies' insufficiency and flaws has become one essential issue for further discussion. On the other hand, however, governmental agencies may achieve the purpose to help the nonprofit organizations bring their functions into good play through the establishment of administrative support such as related laws and regulations, measures or systems under the circumstances of limited resources. This study focuses on a case study of Japan to explore and discuss the efficacy of administrative systems on nonprofit organization development as well as the possible deriving problems through analysis on the related laws and regulations governing Japan's nonprofit organizations and observation of the administrative support measures. Findings of the study indicate that it has produced the efficacy featuring an increase of legal persons, number and amount of donation, and administrative supports gained by legal person after Japan's active preparedness for the development environment of nonprofit organization. Notwithstanding, the public notice announcement in the application for documents has resulted in issues concerning the negative influence, taxation preference, competent authority, control and autonomous entity's lack of profession and experience, limit of financial support and plight of local finances, and inappropriate discrepancy due to resources. In the context of the aspects of law and regulation and administrative system, Japanese experience may offer reference to this country when constructing developmental environment for nonprofit organization subsequently.