首頁 / 雜誌 / 組織與管理 / 201108 (4:2期) / 企業重大危機管理的倫理分析:利害關係人理論之管理意涵
中文篇名

企業重大危機管理的倫理分析:利害關係人理論之管理意涵

英文篇名

Ethical Analysis of Crisis Management: Managerial Implications of Stakeholder Theory

作者

俞慧芸簡詩宏林昌亮

中文摘要

企業面對生死存亡的重大危機時,相對於專注於企業如何存續的觀點(類似股東權益理論),本研究主張,平衡地回應各方利害關係人的需求(利害關係人理論),有益於提高企業重整的成功,並對如何平衡回應各方利害關係人的需求做出具體的討論。本研究回顧既有利害關係人理論的發展、突破與爭議,並以東隆重整成功的個案研究,提出企業危機管理的倫理分析架構。首先,企業有必要區別應盡責任的不同,包括對所有權人的信託義務,以及對其他利害關係人的非信託義務。其次,企業需在善盡義務的同時,應謹慎地避開隨之而來的可能陷阱,包括企業追求利潤極大化而不顧道德(business without ethics),以及熱衷公共義務而缺乏經營效率 (ethics without business)。本研究認為,藉由照顧各方利害關係人權利的具體行動,不只是道德呼籲,也攸關企業的生死存亡,更是企業卓越之道。

英文摘要

Contrast to the perspective of focusing on how to survive for an enterprise in a critical crisis (the shareholder theory), a balancing response to the demands of all stakeholders involved was proposed in this research (the stakeholder theory) to enhance a successful corporate reorganization. A specific discussion of how to meet the requirements of stakeholders in a balance way was also made. The development, achievement and disputes over the existing stakeholder theory were reviewed and a case study of the successful corporate reorganization in Tong Lung was conducted to present an ethical analysis framework for business crisis management. First, it was necessary for a corporation to differentiate the indispensable responsibilities, including the fiduciary obligations to shareholders and non-fiduciary obligations to the other stakeholders. Secondly, the company should pay attention to avoid potential traps cautiously while fulfilling obligations mentioned above, which included pursuit of the maximum profit but eroding morality (business without ethics) and enthusiasm for general civil responsibilities at the cost of management efficiency (ethics without business). The concept and managerial practice of protecting all relevant stakeholders’ rights are not only an ethical appeal but also significant to the survival of a business, which was the exact way to excellence for enterprises. Limitations of the study and implications for future research and practice are discussed.

關鍵詞

利害關係人理論東隆五金危機管理的倫理分析stakeholder theoryTong Lung Metal Industry Co.,Ltd.,ethical analysis of crisis management

刊名

組織與管理

期數

201108 (4:2期)

起訖頁

107-144

出版單位

臺灣組織與管理學會

DOI

10.3966/199687602011080402004  複製DOI   DOI查詢

QRCode

上一篇

自願設立獨立董事的決定因子及其對研發投資與公司績效的影響