Uncertainties of Democratization and Adaption of Local Faction: A Review of Taiwan’s Researches of Local Faction
Taiwan’s factional politics has rarely been a core topic for political research. The past literature regarding the development of Taiwan’s local factions almost always embedded in other research topics such as rule of authoritarian regime, social network, organization mobilization, political democratic transformation, operation and competition between parties, and etc. Based on the existing research, we may identify two theories to explain Taiwan’s factional politics—namely, the patron-client theory and the social network theory. This study is to classify and review the two theories. In short, the purpose of this study is twofold: first, it analyzes the differences between the two theories. Second, it examines the extent to which the two theories are still upheld in Taiwan after democratization and two times of party alternation.