The Study of the New Immigrants’ Children and Hakka Identity in the Major Hakka Cultural Areas: The Example of the Primary School Students in the Taoyuan City
The research takes the primary school students in the Taoyuan city as the example to discuss the relation between the new immigrants’ children and their Hakka Identity. The essay employs the ethnic theory as the analysis theory. In-depth interviews and focus group method are the methodology. The contributions of the research include four points. 1. The main watcher of children and the common language of family-using affect the language of children-speaking. 2. Only the children of Indonesian might speak the Hakka language, the other children of the new immigrants used to speak mandarin. 3. Most new immigrants’ children name themselves as the Taiwanese; however, when some children keep contact with their original country’s family and they have multi-identities, which include “national identity in the new immigrant approach” and “Hakka identity in the ethnic approach”. In addition, to enhance the children’s Hakka identity, the research suggests that the important historic Hakka events should be learned and the Hakka festivals should be shared by the children of the new immigrants.