An Analysis of the Political Efficacy between Taiwanese and Japanese: Comparison of Different Political Parties in Power
People’s sense of political efficacy is the key source of the legitimacy of the government in democratic countries. In East Asia, Japan and Taiwan are countries with a high degree of freedom and democracy. They have both experienced the party alternation. Does the political efficiency of the people increase simultaneously when party alternation brings about the deepening of democracy? What are the factors having impact on the sense of political efficacy of the Taiwanese and Japanese people is a topic worthy to study. From the finding of past literature, political empowerment can be used to explain the sense of political efficacy. The people who endorse the ruling party usually have a higher sense of political efficacy. Therefore, this paper will study the effect of party identification on political efficacy based on the theory of political empowerment, at the same time analyze other explanatory factors including education, gender and age.
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