A Comparative Study of the Third Sector in Mainland China and Hong Kong
Upon the rapid development of the Third Sector in Mainland China, three ordinances have been announced by the government (namely: the Society Ordinance (Amended) 1998; the Civil Non-Enterprise Ordinance 1998; and the Foundation Ordinance 2004). Similarly, the Hong Kong SAR government also wants to develop a vibrant third sector recently. This paper attempts to examine the recent development of the third sector both in Mainland China and Hong Kong through different case studies. The foci of the analysis would include four dimensions, namely: external environment and policy; legal framework; governance; and the decision-making as well as the accountability mechanism. Apart from the analysis of the third sector in Mainland China and Hong Kong respectively, a comparison of the third sector in the two regions will be made and some critical issues for future development would also be provided.