首頁 / 雜誌 / 客家公共事務學報 / 201205 (5期) / 客家少女選擇非傳統學科領域的理由和性別角色論述:以高職生為例
中文篇名

客家少女選擇非傳統學科領域的理由和性別角色論述:以高職生為例

英文篇名

The Reasons Why Hakka Girls of Senior Vocational High Schools Chose Non-traditional Fields and Their Sex Roles Discourse

作者

王燦槐

中文摘要

本研究旨在探討目前台灣客家少女的生涯選擇,是否受傳統性別角色的影響。過去的研究指出,客家女性的生涯選擇必須考慮世代間的差異及女性的自我定位。本研究以新世代的高職生為樣本,以問卷訪談的方式,檢視新一代客家女性的性別角色態度是否轉變,企圖釐清客家少女在新時代生涯選擇中的自我定位,本研究以學生的述說為軸心,並探究其中個人、家庭、學校的影響因素。
本研究訪談台灣北、中、南、東部地區的國立高職學校,選擇理、工、農科等非傳統女性學科之客家少女及其父/母和導師共38 位。結果發現有四種選擇非傳統女性學科的原因,分別為:一、因家人的影響、二、選擇學校、三、自己興趣者及四、在家中排行和家庭結構上較不同,但四組受訪者在家中的客家文化和性別刻板印象的影響都不明顯,在性別角色的態度上,均趨向於性別平等,甚至還認知到女性優於男性的特色,因此才選擇非傳統學科就讀。

英文摘要

The study intends to explore the career choices of Hakka girls of senior vocational high schools who chose non-traditional fields and the influence of their sex role attitudes. Past researches point out that in order to study the contemporary Hakka women, one need to consider the generation gaps and women’s self-identity. This research interviewed the new generation of Hakka girls to examine their gender attitudes and their career choices. From their point of views, we investigated whether the individual, familiar and school factors influences their career choices.
Our samples includes 38 people, including Hakka girls who chose science related non-traditional fields, their parents and their teachers from various public vocation high schools throughout the northern, middle, southern and eastern regions of Taiwan. Results discovered that there are four types of reasons to choose the non-traditional fields. Among them, those who influenced by their families had different birth orders and family structures, as compared with those whose reasons were based on schools or self-interest. However, the four groups had no differences in Hakka culture and gender stereotype. These girls had equal gender attitudes, and even recognized the superiority of women over men in certain characteristics in non-traditional fields.

關鍵詞

性別角色態度非傳統學科領域客家少女高職生sex role attitudesnon-traditional fieldsHakka girlsvocational high school students

刊名

客家公共事務學報

期數

201205 (5期)

起訖頁

001-026

出版單位

國立中央大學客家學院

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