Mediation of Hakka Local Social Conflict: A Study of the Mediation Committee of Shihtan Township in Miaoli County
The object of this study is Hakka area Shihtan township in Miaoli County; the theme of the study is the mediation of local social conflict; analyses of the relationship between mediation and folk custom, people’s virtue and law. According to the study theme, qualitative research method is utilized. The results of the research are: 1. With the changes of mediation system, the organization which possesses the qualification of auditing mediation committee is changed from Township Representative Council to court, if more capable mediators can’t be designated as expected, then the supervision function of public opinion organization will be lost. 2 .Folk custom, people’s virtue and law have different influence on the mediation, among which the local factional forces involving in the practical folk custom and logics affect the mediation the most significantly. 3. If the mediation is sustained, it doesn’t mean that the conflict can be solved; if the mediation isn’t sustained, it doesn’t mean that the conflict can’t be solved either. The key point is the attitude and the action taken by the parties involved in after the mediation.