Influences of Hakka Immersion Programs on Children’s Hakka Language Listening and Speaking Abilities in Meinong
To prevent the vanish of Hakka language, the Hakka Affairs Comission of Kaohsiung City implemented Hakka language immersion programs in Meinong area of Kaohsiung. The purposes of this study are to investigate the following research questions: 1. What are the performances of children’s Hakka language listenting and speaking abilities in Meinong? 2. Do Hakka immersion programs promote children’s Hakka language listening and speaking abilities? 3. What are the progresses of children’s Hakka language listening and speaking abilities among different age groups? The participants of this study were children participating in Meinong’s Hakka immersion programs in year 2013. There were 328 children participated in this stuyd. The researcher did the pretest at the beginning of the semester, and then did the posttest at the end of school year. The research instrument is the “children’s Hakka Language Listening and Speaking Evalulation Form” developed by the researcher. The research results show that Hakka immersion children have outstanding performances in Hakka listening and speaking abilities. After one year’s immersion in Hakka immersion program, children’s Hakka listening and speaking abilities have siginificant progresses. Children’s posttest scores are are higher than their pretest scores. In the final paragraph, researcher suggests that Hakka language immersion programs can be promoted in other areas. Meanwhile, Elimination mechanism for Hakka immersion programs should be established for contolloing the programs’ quality.