The Attributes of Public-Private Partnerships, Integrated Research Framework, and Future Research
How to promote the formation of partnership between the public and the private sectors to actively participate in public affairs, as well as how to work together to produce the best possible results are the research questions worth indepth exploration by academia. This paper focuses on the research question, “What is the attributes of the research framework of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs)?” Through reviewing, exploring, inducting, and summarizing the literature of PPPs, this research developed an integrated research framework of PPPs. Based on the theory of logical reasoning; this paper had two major findings: first, this study elaborated the “basic concept,” “attributes,” and “social dilemma” derived from public-private partnership. Moreover, to eliminate uncooperative behavior between the public and private sectors, researchers not only proposed the “governance mechanism” to cope with this social dilemma, but also reflected the “theoretical perspectives” behind it. Secondly, the logic relationship among the five theories, “basic concept,” “attributes,” “social dilemma,” “governance mechanism and “theoretical perspectives” was constructed to further develop the integrated framework of “PPPs.” Based on this integrated research framework, finally, the follow-up research directions of PPPs were proposed.