A Study of Follower Behaviors under the Perspective of Follower-positioning to Leader
The present study proposed that follower behaviors were determined through follower-positioning process. That is, a follower will behave differently based on the positioning pattern of relationship with his/her leader. The concept of follower-positioning referred to four followership styles are derived from follower’s evaluation of two critical dimensions- overall professional competence posed by leader and trust in leader. Specifically, the follower-positioning process leads to corresponding follower behaviors (e.g., exemplariness, apprentice, passiveness, and alienation). The results of quasi-experimental design (N = 398), show that: 1) follower behaved in exemplary way because of the high level trust in leader; 2) apprentice behavior was determined because of high level of leader’s professional competence and personal trust in leader; 3) low level of trust in leader caused high level of passive behavior; 4) alienated behavior is determined by both low levels of leader’s professional competence and trust in leader. The managerial implications, limitations and directions for further research were suggested accordingly.