Analysis of Nonprofit Courses in Taiwan: Investigation of NPO Courses Nationwide in One Academic Year
Taiwanese nonprofit sector is growing rapidly and universities have begun to provide nonprofit courses to meet the demand. However, there is little systematic study addressing the overall nonprofit course development in Taiwan due to the lack of a dataset. The purpose of this study is to explore systematically the development of nonprofit courses in Taiwan and to answer the following questions: (1) What is the current development of non-profit courses in Taiwan? (2) What are the teaching methods of nonprofit courses in Taiwan? To explore those questions, we first established a database of non-profit courses in from September 2018 through August 2019 with 1,634 courses in 134 universities in the database. Through selection of the nonprofit courses, we analyzed 681 courses in 104 universities and 38 non-profit programs in 26 universities. Our results show that the design of non-profit courses: (1) the impact of policies; (2) the importance of private universities and religious universities in the establishment of non-profit courses; (3) unbalanced distribution. The course design has the following characteristics: (1) development in diverse disciplines; (2) basic and introductory courses; (3) courses are mainly taught by traditional teaching methods. Finally, the following suggestions are made for considering the design and development of nonprofit courses in Taiwan: (1) specialization of nonprofit management courses; (2) cooperation with high school vocational and non-profit organizations and establish courses that can connect to majors and meet non-profit practice; (3) collaboration between industry and university; (4) enhancement of nonprofit capstone courses and associated practical capabilities.