A Study on the Legalization for Promoting Nonprofit Organizations in Taiwan
The main functions of a modern government are the distribution of public resources and the regulation of social activities, in order to achieve the integration of political ideology between the public and private sector, and the uniformity of economic benefit, because the operation of the government implies the meaning of authority, this is quite different from the operation of a civil society, which is mainly operated by nonprofit organizations (NPO) and on the basis of equality and trust, the missions and targets of the two are also different. Therefore, the partnership between the two, due to many strategic considerations, is very hard to develop a stable and mutual interactive relationship. So, the legalization of NPO as initiated by the government, the many measures taken by the government could include the more strict regulation of NPO through administrative measure by the department in charge, or the face off exploitations of NPO by the government. Due to the special historical background and political-economic context of Taiwan, NPO usually had abnormal development under the long-term supervision and control by the government, NPO, which represents minor ethnic groups, disadvantaged groups and non main-stream ideological groups, always faces suppression or distortion, under this context, it is impossible for the NPO in Taiwan to receive the "promotion" related preferential treatment by the government unconditionally. The NPO would be under more strict regulation by the government even after legalization of NPO, therefore, as indicated by this paper, it is better to reconsider the institutional environment between NPO and the government, to clarify the relative position between the NPO and the government in order to create a better institutional environment and its operation, than to receive the resources from the government and face the problems and pay the price for it. All of these would result in the independence and professionalism of the NPO, and this is also the right way to promote the civil society in Taiwan.