Lets’ Cooperation! The Relationship between Teams’ Regulatory Focus, Group Affect Tone, and Team Performance: A Moderated Mediation Model of Transformational Leadership
Harmonious coordination in team is a sufficient factor to increase team performance. Hence, how to create a positive coordinate climate is an issue. The study examines the relationship between team regulatory focus, group affect tone, and team performance, and further testing transformational leadership plays a moderator role. Data included 246 team members and 58 team leaders with 58 teams. The study found that team with promotion focus has positive related to positive group affect tone, and team with prevention focus has positive related to negative group affect tone. Moreover, promotion focus teams will influence team performance via positive group affect tone mediating and prevention focus teams will influence team performance via negative group affect tone mediating. Finally, the study further examines the moderated mediation effect. The study found that transformational leadership significantly moderating the indirect relationship between promotion focus teams, positive group affect tone, and team performance. Similar evidence is also found in the relationship between prevention focus teams, negative group affect tone, and team performance. The study contributes to regulatory focus theory in teams by moderated mediation model and transformational leadership as a boundary condition.