首頁 / 雜誌 / 組織與管理 / 200802 (1:1期) / 組織現象和層次議題:非獨立性資料的概念和實徵
中文篇名

組織現象和層次議題:非獨立性資料的概念和實徵

英文篇名

Level Issues in Understanding Organizational Phenomena: Concepts and an Empirical Analysis of Data Non-independence

作者

彭台光林鉦棽

中文摘要

組織現象有鑲嵌的本質,以致研究資料難免有群集的特性,如果分析時忽略資料非獨立性的因素,對組織現象的探討往往失準。根據現有文獻,本研究先從知識論看層次議題,再從方法論探討資料非獨立的意義和其影響,繼之以家長式領導實徵分析為案例,以同一筆資料做個人、群體和跨層次三種分析,比較並討論群集資料在不同分析方式下所反映的研究議題。最後,我們強調組織研究的理論、研究設計和分析都和層次有密切關係。

英文摘要

Most of the organizational phenomena are hierarchically imbedded, easily making research data clustered in nature. Data analysis without considering non-independence often leads to misunderstanding of the phenomenon under examination. Based on extant literature, this study first addressed the level issues from an ontological perspective, followed by a discussion of methodological concerns of nested data. As an illustration, a set of data investigating the effects of paternalistic leadership and the moderation of group cohesiveness was analyzed with OLS and RCM techniques. The impacts of data non-independence were illuminated through comparing the results from single level (i.e., both individual and group) and cross level analyses. The relationships between constructs were largely inflated in single level analyses. Implications of analyzing nested data were addressed.

關鍵詞

正向主管獎賞行為目標接受組織承諾工作績效positive leader reward behaviorgoal acceptanceorganizational commitmenttask performance

刊名

組織與管理

期數

200802 (1:1期)

起訖頁

95-121

出版單位

臺灣組織與管理學會

DOI

10.3966/199687602008020101004  複製DOI   DOI查詢

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組織變革與資訊科技對組織績效影響之研究